2022 / 11 / 28

Board-Level Drop Impact Reliability Analysis of Dual-Side Molding System-in-Package (SiP) Modules

Meng-Kai Shih; Nan-Yi Wu; Wei-Hong Lai; Tang-Yuan Chen; Chin-Li Kao; C. P. Hung

System-in-package (SiP) modules are widely used in portable electronics such as Internet of Things (IoT) devices and mobile consumer equipment since they integrate multiple components in a single package and thus facilitate device miniaturization. An advanced packaging technology referred to as dual-side molding (DSM) has recently been proposed as a means of achieving even smaller form factors and lower cost solutions. However, shrinking the package size reduces the solder joint connection area between the SiP module and the printed circuit board (PCB). Consequently, the board-level drop reliability may be severely impaired. Accordingly, the present study utilizes a numerical model to investigate the board-level solder joint reliability of a DSM SiP package in drop impact tests performed in accordance with the Joint Electron Device Engineering Council (JEDEC) standard. The validity of the numerical model combined with a full-factorial design method is then employed to examine the effects of the main design parameters of the DSM SiP package on the reliability of the solder joints in the drop impact test. Overall, the present results show that a higher EMC coverage of the solder ball joints yields a significant improvement in the solder joint reliability. In addition, a larger solder joint volume is beneficial in reducing the solder joint stress by absorbing a greater proportion of the impact load and energy produced in the drop impact event.

Published in: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices ( Volume: 70, Issue: 1, January 2023)