Wafer bumping is an essential to flip chip or board level semiconductor packaging. Bumping is an advanced wafer level process technology where "bumps" or "balls" made of solder are formed on the wafers in a whole wafer form before the wafer is being diced into individual chips. Those "bumps", which can be composed from eutectic, lead free, high lead materials, or Cu pillar on wafer are the fundamental interconnect components that will interconnect the die and the substrate together into a single package. These bumps not only provide a connected path between die and substrate, but also play an important role in the electrical, mechanical and thermal performance in the flip chip package.
Flip chip assembly package has traditionally been used for high-end niche applications. Recent technology development has adopted this process to be widely used in today's consumer electronics applications. For the performance driven market, flip chip interconnection reduces signal propagation delay, provide much better bandwidth, and relieves the constraints of power and ground distribution. For the form factor driven market, such as mobile applications, replacing wire bonding by flip chip interconnects reduces the size and weight of the package.
As the world leading IC assembly subcontractor, ASE established its wafer bumping services in 1999. Licensed from Flip Chip International, LLC, the world's leader in printing bumping technologies, ASE's flip chip bumping process has proven to be robust and reliable, with production experience accumulated since 2000 as the very first subcontractor to provide large volume production in bumping service.
ASE also established the plating bump process in 2003. The plating process has proven the robustness, reliability, and provided production service.